injury prevention and safety promotion

In the Sultanate of Oman like other GCC countries, the mortality and morbidity rates because of injuries, particularly following road traffic accidents, is very high. The Annual Health Report of Ministry of Health for the year 2004 revealed that the leading cause of hospital mortality in children under 14 years of age is injuries and poisoning . In-patient and out-patient morbidity per 10,000 populations for injuries and poisoning are recorded as 73 and 1170 respectively. Road traffic injuries accounted for maximum number of inpatient deaths (63%) followed by falls (13.5%). 51.7% of the victims, were in the age group of 5-14 years. Both outpatient and impatient morbidity rates were high in 15-44 years.

The health data of Oman clearly indicates that injuries and poisonings are leading causes of mortality and morbidity. The economic loss incurred to the country on account of deaths and disabilities and social impact on community remains unknown. The deaths occurring at the spot and the minor injuries not reaching the hospitals also remain unaccounted for. Also the circumstances that led injuries remain unidentified.


  • National plan on Injury and violence prevention and road safety and strategies for its multisectoral implementation developed and functional
  • Reduced mortality and morbidity due to injuries and road accidents.

Specific Objective

  • Baseline information on incidence, morbidity, mortality and disabilities due to injuries in children and adults,
  • Raising public awareness on prevention,
  • Capacity-building by training and education,
  • Identification of prevention and control strategies to be implemented,
  • Establishment of national surveillance and prevention programme,
  • The technical guidance of UNICEF and WHO will be obtained as required in implementing the programme.


Main Achievements

  • Establishment of Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion unit in DE&OH.
  • Participation of Omani youth in prevention of injury and road safety in UN Assembly held in April 2007.
  • Celebration of 1st  UN Road Safety week in April 2007.
  • Establishment of National Injury Surveillance System.